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Amanita muscaria variation guessowii
Did you know? Botanist and Canadian author, Hans T. Gussow, is where this N. American version of the commonly called "yellow" Fly Agaric mushroom comes from.
Also see similar:
Amanita muscaria persicina
Amanita muscaria flavoconia
Kingdom : Fungi
Division : Basidiomycota
Class : Agaricomycetes
Order : Agaricales
Family : Amanitaceae
Genus : Amanita
Species : Amanita muscaria (variation) guessowii
formosa = European naming
Where to Find This Mushroom in the Wild?
This particular version of yellow fly agaric can be found all across North America in a few different types of ecologies. Amanitas are mycorrhizal and love both hardwoods and coniferous forests with moist/acidic soil. We have locations near primarily bunches of birch trees and blue spruce pines that these absolutely love! We find them often in decaying matter with little to no wind disruption to the areas. Often times, the more moist the area (closer to swampy areas and creek beds here in Michigan) the color / hue is a much more vibrant orange to red! One absolutely beautiful mushroom that is extremely common to find all throughout most wooded areas and even the occasional grass field. Makes for a great Christmas holiday decoration too with its vibrant colors and beautiful looks once its been dried out!
Description of the Mushroom
Cap: yellow/orange/red in color. Often darker in the middle of the cap, more yellow on edges.
Stem / Stipe: white to pale yellow, constant length all way through, easily detachable from the cap. Vulva at base is bulb shaped, can have shag like look near the base at times. Veil will hang fragile once broken.
Gills: Narrow and crowded with varying lengths, pale and cream colored,
Hymenium: free to narrowly adnate
Spore Print: white in color , spore / gills are clean in pattern
Ecology: Mycorrhizal - loves birch trees and blue spruce around us. grows in smaller bunches usually a few feet from one another. Loves decaying matter nearby especially moist swampy areas within a good distance.
Edibility: If eaten raw, consumption may lead to gastric and digestive pain, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and more while the ibotenic acid converts into muscimol to provide hallucinatory effects. People often dehydrate or let them dry naturally, no exact time provided as like making edibles for cannabis it can be a fine tuning science.
The fly agaric mushroom is often contributed for many amazing cultural mentions for humanity since it was the first mushroom recorded. For over 4,000 years it was the ingredient in a sacred and hallucinogenic ritual drink called 'soma' in India and Iran; while the Siberian shamans would give it out as a gift in late December. Vikings were said to have drank Amanita tea/broth/drinks before going into battle *hence Vikings going berserk! The conversion (decarboxylation process) of ibotenic acid into muscimol occurs within 15 to 30 minutes of consumption, and trace amounts of muscimol can be found in the users urine within an hour.
Good source of ibotenic acid and muscimol, the psychoactive chemical compounds that are found in many Amanita mushrooms. Humans need 6mg muscimol / 30mg ibotenic acid for hallucinatory effects. There are around 100mg of ibotenic acid per 1kg of raw Amanita muscaria mushroom... thus 60g to 70g wet weight mushroom is satisfactory. Ibotenic acid is a prodrug to muscimol. Muscimol resembles Gamma Amino Butyric Acid (GABA - type a receptor). Ibotenic Acid resembles glutamate.
Ibotenic acid excites the nerve cells like glutamate does , Muscimol inhibits the nerve cells.
Edibility / Recipes
Short answer, these mushrooms are primarily used for ritualistic and healing purposes. However, there are ways in which you can peel the cap (muscimol warts and all), then boil the mushroom to rid them of toxins before draining the broth and eating these as additions to your culinary dishes.
A conversion of ibotenic acid to muscimol in some sense is recommended from our experience. I like dehydrating these around 155*f to 165*f until they near complete dryness which takes a few hours depending on how thick the mushroom piece is!
Remember dosing with these is not the same as other "magic" mushrooms. Psilocybin and other variations of Amanita (like pantherina) can be 3x more potent for same dosage sizes. As someone with a varying amount of dabbling in the mushroom world, a higher does (3g or more) is what I like taking to feel a refreshing wave of energy rush over me. Microdosing with my daily coffee is also a blessing in disguise that more and more individuals are switching to.
Sources Listed Here
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